Future of Architecture

Careers

With a growth in our population, it is necessary to create more homes. As a result, the growth in construction will also increase the number of architects slightly over the next few years. In order to keep up with the need of homes and the incredible advancing of technology, a much larger need for architects will be required. With this in mind, there will be more competition as well as more students are constantly searching for jobs.

future architecture

Here are some statistics from Service Canada – Click here for the link

Employment Distribution by Gender

Employment Distribution by Gender Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Males 67.5% 52.7%
Females 32.5% 47.3%

Employment Distribution by Age

Employment Distribution by Age Unit Group 2151 All occupations
15 – 24 years 4.4% 14.1%
25 – 44 years 53.4% 45.1%
45 – 64 years 38.0% 38.8%
65 years and over 4.2% 2.0%

Employment Distribution by Status

Employment Distribution by Status Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Full-time 92.1% 79.2%
Part-time 7.9% 20.8%

Average Annual Employment Income

Average Annual Employment Income
(Full-Time, Full-Year)
Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Full-time, full-year 63.0% 53.2%
Average income 63,617 45,157
0-19999$ 7.6% 16.5%
20000-49999$ 37.7% 52.4%
50000$ and over 54.7% 31.1%

Employment Distribution by Highest Level of Schooling

Employment Distribution by
Highest Level of Schooling
Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Less than high-school 0.0% 14.1%
High-school 0.8% 21.9%
Post-secondary 11.8% 43.1%
Bachelors 87.5% 20.9%

Looking at these statistics, a few facts can be found through analyzing them. Firstly, there are 38 % of all the workers that are in their 40’s -60’s. These people are from the “baby boom” era, in within 10 years much more jobs will be opened with this generation retiring.

Now looking at the future of architectural design. Most people believe the future of architecture will be be two factors: sustainable design and the sleek high-tech look (this is probably triggered from futuristic movies and shows :D). Compact cities are likely to be the future layouts of countries all around the world because they are efficient. Cities that are compact mean that people who live there don’t have to go far to get to work, buy food and shop. With this layout, buildings will have to get taller, not wider. Skyscrapers and apartments will become the norm in cities in order to save space.

sound scraper
Here is a link to some very unique and award winning designs. There are some very surreal designs such as the “Soundscraper” which is a building designed to absorb noise. The acoustic dampener also doubles as an energy producer, trapping and converting vibrations into power.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_O98RBgifD0&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Advertisements

Interior Designer

home-interior-design-2013

The spaces in which we live and work are important to us. No one wants to be surrounded by drab, ugly wallpaper and furniture because these things affect our moods. Interior designers dedicate themselves to creating beautiful and functional indoor spaces. They are experts in dealing with elements such as colour, texture, shape, and size, and they use this knowledge to create attractive home and work environments.

Interior designers are hired by clients that want to re-design or design (if the space is new) their houses or buildings. For houses, some popular rooms to get an interior designer for are living rooms, kitchens, bedrooms, or bathrooms, but that’s not all they do. Interior designers also Restaurants, banks, business offices, and doctors’ offices are other examples of spaces interior designers transform. Even automobile and aircraft manufacturers rely on designers’ skills to make the most of limited spaces.

Client

Interior designers must have good communication skills whether it is through e-mail, orally, text. Communication is necessary because their client is first priority and interior designers must consult them for to satisfy their visions or needs for the design project. With the client’s vision in mind, the interior designer will start brain storming for ideas for what to do. This first starts of with taking measurements, photos, and looking at blueprints of the project space. This allows the designer to see if anything will affect their design in mind. For example, a designer who wants to knock out a wall in a kitchen must first make sure that its removal will not cause a collapse. To make sure that projects run smoothly, designers must have a thorough understanding of building codes and permit requirements.

Design 1 This is an image of an interior designer’s proposal sketch.

Clients may then receive a sketch or computer image of what the room will look like once the proposed changes are made. Designers include paint, wallpaper, carpeting, furniture, and other material samples in their proposal. Finally, when a design concept is accepted, designers keep track of the budget and project timeline and coordinate the painters, tilers, movers, and others who make the changes.

EDUCATION

Interior designers must need at least a high school diploma. In most provinces, designers also need to be certified by the provincial interior designers’ association. To become a certified designer, one has to complete an accredited college or university interior design program (either a 2 to 3-year diploma or a 4-year bachelor’s degree). Programs vary, but typically include instruction in the history of design, colour theory, lighting, sustainable design, drafting, computer-assisted design (CAD), and general business and marketing practices.

Next, you must acquire a certain amount of entry-level experience under the supervision of a fully qualified interior designer. Essentially, this is almost like apprenticeship because the concept is the same. Specific requirements vary by province, but approximately 6 or 7 years of combined education and work experience is generally needed. It’s a good idea to contact the interior designers’ association in your province for specific requirements.

The final step to becoming a fully certified interior designer is to write a certification exam. This exam is administered twice a year by the National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ).

Sources: Career Cruising

Here are some before and after pictures of interior design work.

Architectural Pathways

Interested in architecture? Are you trying to pursue a pathway related to it? Some options after high school include workplace, apprenticeship, college, and university.

The architecture industry is constantly evolving as advancing technology and modern developments lead to new and exciting design and construction opportunities. Architectural technicians play a vital role in the industry, working alongside architectural professionals to plan and execute sophisticated residential and commercial designs. Architecture programs at Ontario colleges train students to enter this progressive field, with practical skills and advanced training with the latest architectural technology.

architecture-schools-main-img_900x300

A few colleges that offer architectural programs are CENTENNIAL, GEORGE BROWN, and ALGONQUIN college. Their programs range from 1 to 4 academic years in length. For a list of Canadian colleges, click here.

A few universities that offer architectural programs are University of Waterloo, University of Toronto, and Ryerson University. These universities off co-op programs which allow you to work while you learn, this is a very good program because it gives you job experience and allows you to pay off your dept while you are still in school. For a list of Canadian universities, click here.

Apprenticeship is a somewhat new and advancing form of education, it teaches students through actually work experience with mentors and experts in the job.

Apprenticeship combines on-the-job training from a licensed journeyperson with classroom-based technical training. Generally, 80-90% of the training is spent in the workplace.

OYAP students will not be scheduled for the in-school training until they have completed their O.S.S.D. and a copy of their transcript has been mailed or faxed to the local apprenticeship office. Technical training usually takes place at a community College or Union School. The Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities pays for 80% of the apprentice’s tuition. Apprentices are responsible for classroom fees – approximately $200 – $600 per session. The MTCU will notify the apprentice by mail of the date and location of his or her technical in-school training.

Once the apprentice has completed all components outlined in the training standards and passed the classroom-based technical training they can challenge the exam. A minimum of 70% is required to achieve journeyperson status.

Depending on the trade, an apprenticeship can take approximately two to five years to complete.

For more information about apprenticeship, click here.

Architectural Associations & Organizations

Associations & Organizations that are specialized in architecture are considered non-governmental organizations, or NGOs for short.

“Non-governmental organizations play an increasingly important role in international development. They serve as a funnel for development funds both from individual donors in wealthy countries and from bilateral aid agencies. Development-oriented NGOs, which have existed for centuries, have played a growing role in development since the end of World War II; there are currently 20,000 international NGOs. This paper argues that the strengths of NGOs and their weaknesses easily fit into economists’ conceptualization of not-for-profit contractors.” Key concepts include:

  • Strengths of the NGO model produce corresponding weaknesses in agenda-setting, decision-making, and resource allocation.
  • The increased presence of NGOs can be explained by 3 factors: a trend to outsource government services; new ventures by would-be not-for-profit “entrepreneurs”; and the increasing professionalization of existing NGOs.
  • As NGOs increasingly produce their own funding and develop their own professionalized class, it is appropriate to expose them to greater market forces beyond donor preferences.
  • The use of aid vouchers allowing beneficiaries to purchase private goods and services is one tool for introducing more market forces.

 

netowrk

A few Canadian associations are:

What these associations and organizations have in relation is their goal to regulate, represent, support, and promote architecture. Some may even give the members benefits such as special training to increase one’s knowledge, experience, and job opportunities.

For more associations and organizations (including international ones) click here.

Pathways And Careers Design Brief

Architectural Glass & Metal Technician

Mechanic carrying car window, view through glass

10 Daily Activities:

  • Performing layout, fabricating, assembling and installing frames, hardware, storefronts, wall facings, manual sliding doors, window sashes, manual door closers, automatic door operators and certain walls
  • Laying out, fabricating, assembling and installing suspended glass fronts, stuck glass fronts, auto glass, art glass and other special products
  • Cutting, fitting and installing glass in wood and metal frames for windows, skylights, store fronts and display cases, or on building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, tables and other similar surfaces
  • Reading and interpreting design drawings, manufacturer’s instructions and installation diagrams to determine type and thickness of glass, frame, installation procedure and materials required
  • Operating hoists and cranes to position glass in place
  • Communicating effectively with co-workers, other contractors and supervisors
  • Measure and mark glass and cut glass using glass cutters or computerized cutters
  • Assemble, erect and dismantle scaffolds, rigging and hoisting equipment
  • Replace glass in furniture and other products
  • Repair and service residential windows, commercial aluminum doors and other glass supporting structures, and replace damaged glass or faulty sealant

Pathways:

  • Some recommended courses to take in high school are mathematics, science, business & management, entrepreneurship, construction technology, and technical design
  • The minimum entry for apprenticeship is Grade 10; however, it is recommended you complete Grade 12 with credits in Math, English, Science and Technological courses such as drafting or blueprint reading and other shop courses
  • Completion of a 4 year apprenticeship program at 2,000 hours per year
  • If you have completed 8,000 hours of on the job experience/training, but have not completed the apprenticeship program you may be eligible to challenge the Certificate of Qualification

2.

Ontario Industrial & Finishing Skills Centre is one Canadian institute which grants qualifications. Some of these qualifications include: Diploma of Apprenticeship, a Certificate of Qualification, and in some cases, an Interprovincial Red Seal, all signifying journeyperson status.

3.

The Ontario Council of Painters of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trade is a union that Architectural Glass & Metal Technicians can join. This union does not require any qualifications; a membership can be acquired simply by signing up. There are benefits such as health plans and health care benefits, job security, and also better and secure wages.

 

Bibliography

“What Does an Architectural Glass & Metal Technician (Glazier/ Metal Mechanic) Do?” Architectural Glass and Metal Technician (424A). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.apprenticesearch.com/AboutTrades/GetTradeDetails?tradeId=15&gt;.

“Glazier and Metal Mechanic.” Glazier and Metal Mechanic. N.p., Aug. 2011. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://tradeability.ca/DesktopDefault.aspx?TabId=3356&gt;.

“What Is Apprenticeship?” Government of Canada, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013.

 

Energy Auditor

energy auditor

10 Daily Activities:

  • Examine buildings to learn about their heating systems, insulation, and related details
  • Use equipment and run tests to find air leaks and measure electricity usage with devices such as data loggers, universal data recorders, light meters, sling psychrometers, psychrometric charts, flue gas analyzers, amp-probes, watt meters, volt meters, thermometers, or utility meters
  • Ask building owners about their energy use, basic details of the building such as the building’s age and size, and examine utility bills to gather historical energy usage data
  • Calculate potential for energy savings and make suggestions on ways to save energy
  • Educate customers on energy efficiency and prepare reports and answer owners’ questions
  • Interview the owner on information such as how many people are living in the building or how often some appliances like the dishwasher are used
  •  Quantify energy consumption to establish baselines for energy use or need
  • Determine patterns of building use to show annual or monthly needs for heating, cooling, lighting, or other energy needs
  • Oversee installation of equipment such as water heater wraps, pipe insulation, weatherstripping, door sweeps, or low flow showerheads to improve energy efficiency
  • Inspect or evaluate building envelopes, mechanical systems, electrical systems, or process systems to determine the energy consumption of each system

Pathways:

1.

  • Some recommended courses to take in high school are mathematics, chemistry, physics, construction, and technical design
  • Energy auditors must have related post-secondary education, work or both
  • Bachelor’s degree or diploma in a field such as energy management, energy systems technology, engineering, or architecture
  • Work experience in a related field, such as home inspection, construction, or heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration technology
  • CEA (Certified Energy Auditor) certification

2.

  • Mohawk College provides an Energy Systems Engineering Technology – Clean and Renewable Energy course, a Ontario College Advanced Diploma can be acquired
  • CIET (Canadian Institution for Energy Training) provides the CEA (Certified Energy Auditor) certification which grants to qualification of being an energy auditor

3.

  • Association of Energy Engineers provides many certifications related to energy such as Certified Energy Auditor, Building Energy & Sustainability Technician, to Renewable Energy Professional certifications. Qualifications require to become a Certified Energy Auditor are:
  • A four-year degree from an accredited university or college in engineering or architecture, or be a registered Professional Engineer (P.E.) or Registered Architect (R.A.). In addition, the applicant must have at least three years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • A four-year non-engineering degree with at least four years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • A two-year technical degree with at least five years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • Ten years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • The current status of Certified Energy Manager (CEM ®).

 

Bibliography

“Energy Auditor.” Career Cruising. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013.

“Energy Auditors Job and Career Information.” My Majors. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mymajors.com/careers-and-jobs/Energy-Auditors&gt;.

“CEA – Certified Energy Auditor.” – Association of Energy Engineers. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <http://www.aeecenter.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3365&gt;.

“Certified Energy Auditor.” CIET – Canadian Institute for Energy Training. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <https://www.cietcanada.com/training-and-certification/cea/cea-toronto-april12/&gt;.

 

Architect

 architect

10 Daily Activities:

  • Design and sketch building plans as well as the necessary mechanical, electrical, and structural specifications for clients
  • Write instructions for contractors and builders to follow
  • Coordinate the activities of people involved in the construction such as construction managers, electricians, plumbers, landscapers, and interior designers
  • Ensure the building is finished on time and within budget
  • Handle paperwork, such as contracts and bills
  • Work closely with the client since the architect’s design must be as close as possible to the client’s needs and wishes
  • Ensure buildings are safe and conform to local by-laws, failing in either of these areas can result being sued
  • Negotiating with contractors and other professionals and attending regular meetings with clients, contractors and other specialists
  • Use problem solving skills to deal with problems that might come up during building
  • Briefing and monitoring of projects for clients, authorities, and partners

Pathways:

1.

  • Some recommended courses to take in high school include: calculus, physics, visual arts, computer tech, and technical design
  • Complete a bachelor’s or master’s degree in architecture
  • Earn a license to practice in your province or territory through 3 years of work experience with a licensed architect and passing and a professional exam

2.

At University of Waterloo, you can get either an undergraduate degree or a master’s degree in architecture. After getting these degrees, you can take the license course in order to start working

3.

OAA (Ontario Association of Architects) is a self-organized association which strives to represent, regulate, support and promote the profession of architecture in the interest of all Ontarians, and to lead the design and delivery of built form in the Province of Ontario. It provides Certificate of Practice which is divided into three categories: Corporation, Partnership, and Sole Proprietor. A holder of a Certificate of Practice in Ontario is permitted to offer and/or provide a service that is part of the practice of architecture to a member of the public. Qualifications required for this certificate is sufficient education meaning an undergraduate or a master’s degree in architecture.

Bibliography

“Architect.” Career Cruising. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.

“The Ontario Association of Architects Represents, Regulates, Supports and Promotes the Profession of Architecture in the Interest of All Ontarians, and Leads the Design and Delivery of Built Form in the Province of Ontario.” Ontario Association of Architects. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013. <http://www.oaa.on.ca/&gt;.