Skyscrapers – Taipei 101

Taipei 101 may just only look like any typical skyscraper, however the amount of thought and advanced architectural that went into building this is amazing.

taipei 101
To start, Taiwan (where the building is located) is an earthquake zone and also has various typhoons commonly. As a result, Taipei 101 is designed to withstand the typhoon winds and earthquake tremors common in its area of the Asia-Pacific. Planners aimed for a structure that could withstand gale winds of 60 m/s (197 ft/s, 216 km/h or 134 mph) and the strongest earthquakes likely to occur in a 2,500 year cycle.
To counter these natural disasters, the architects decided to incorporate a tuned mass damper which is a HUGE mass which moves in the opposite direction of which the building is swaying. The 800-metric ton (1,764,000 lbs.), spherical steel mass is located on level 88 and is visible from the restaurant and observation decks.
File:Taipei 101 Tuned Mass Damper.png
As a result, this design prevents discomfort, damages, and  structural failure.


  • Architect – C.Y.Lee & Partners
  • Structural Engineer – Shaw Shieh
  • Structural Consult. – Thornton-Tomasetti Engineers, New York City
  • Year Started – June 1998 (Mall already open)
  • Total Height – 508m
  • No. of Floors – 101
  • Plan Area – 50m X 50m
  • Cost – $ 700 million
  • Building Use – Office Complex + Mall
  • Parking – 83,000 m2, 1800 cars
  • Retail – Taipei 101 Mall (77,033 m2)
  • Offices – Taiwan Stock Exchange (198,347 m2)

For more detailed information click here.


Digital Technology Concepts

16 Fundamental Digital Technology Concepts

Autonomy: Self-regulation by a product, process or service. e.g. Digital Clock – self corrects itself.

Aesthetics: The aspects of a product, process or service that make it pleasing to the human senses. e.g. Paint – allows colour options.


Control: The means by which a device or process is activated or regulated. e.g. Light switch.

Environmental Sustainability: The creation of products or services and use of resources in a way that allows present needs to be met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. An important related concept is that of environmental stewardship – the acceptance of responsibility for the sustainable use and treatment of land and other natural resources. e.g. Insulation – sustain desired temperature better.

Ergonomics: The design of a product, process or service in a way that takes the users well-being with respect to
its use or delivery into account – that is, in a way that minimizes discomfort, risk of injury, and expenditure of energy. e.g. Door handle height – made to fit people of various heights.

Fabrication/Building Creation: The act or process of assembling components and/or materials and resources to create a product or service. e.g. Constructing a house.

Function: The use for which a product, process or service is developed. e.g. A restaurant provides food and drinks.


Innovation: Original and creative thinking resulting in the effective design of a product or service. e.g. safety glass – shatters on impact to prevent injury.

Intelligence: The embedded information and/or learning potential in a product, process or service. e.g. Roomba Vacuum – It can learn about it’s surroundings as it cleans.

Material: Any substance or item used in the creation of a product or delivery of a service. e.g. graphene – strong and light material.

Mechanism: A system of connected parts that allows a product to work or function. e.g. a lock has a latch, dead lock, cylinder, and key.

Power/Energy: The resource that enables a mechanism to perform work. e.g. electricity powers many mechanisms.

Safety: The care and consideration required to ensure that the product, process or service will not cause harm. e.g. a smoke detector alarms people of a fire.

Source: Open-source and/or crowd-source development and interactivity. e.g. Kickstarter is a crowd source development website.

Structure: The essential physical or conceptual parts of a product, process or service, including the way in which the parts are constructed or organized. e.g. the wooden frame of a house.

Systems: The combination of interrelated parts that make up a whole and that may be connected with other systems. e.g. crane – uses weights, wires, hydraulics, etc.

Pathways And Careers Design Brief

Architectural Glass & Metal Technician

Mechanic carrying car window, view through glass

10 Daily Activities:

  • Performing layout, fabricating, assembling and installing frames, hardware, storefronts, wall facings, manual sliding doors, window sashes, manual door closers, automatic door operators and certain walls
  • Laying out, fabricating, assembling and installing suspended glass fronts, stuck glass fronts, auto glass, art glass and other special products
  • Cutting, fitting and installing glass in wood and metal frames for windows, skylights, store fronts and display cases, or on building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, tables and other similar surfaces
  • Reading and interpreting design drawings, manufacturer’s instructions and installation diagrams to determine type and thickness of glass, frame, installation procedure and materials required
  • Operating hoists and cranes to position glass in place
  • Communicating effectively with co-workers, other contractors and supervisors
  • Measure and mark glass and cut glass using glass cutters or computerized cutters
  • Assemble, erect and dismantle scaffolds, rigging and hoisting equipment
  • Replace glass in furniture and other products
  • Repair and service residential windows, commercial aluminum doors and other glass supporting structures, and replace damaged glass or faulty sealant


  • Some recommended courses to take in high school are mathematics, science, business & management, entrepreneurship, construction technology, and technical design
  • The minimum entry for apprenticeship is Grade 10; however, it is recommended you complete Grade 12 with credits in Math, English, Science and Technological courses such as drafting or blueprint reading and other shop courses
  • Completion of a 4 year apprenticeship program at 2,000 hours per year
  • If you have completed 8,000 hours of on the job experience/training, but have not completed the apprenticeship program you may be eligible to challenge the Certificate of Qualification


Ontario Industrial & Finishing Skills Centre is one Canadian institute which grants qualifications. Some of these qualifications include: Diploma of Apprenticeship, a Certificate of Qualification, and in some cases, an Interprovincial Red Seal, all signifying journeyperson status.


The Ontario Council of Painters of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trade is a union that Architectural Glass & Metal Technicians can join. This union does not require any qualifications; a membership can be acquired simply by signing up. There are benefits such as health plans and health care benefits, job security, and also better and secure wages.



“What Does an Architectural Glass & Metal Technician (Glazier/ Metal Mechanic) Do?” Architectural Glass and Metal Technician (424A). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <;.

“Glazier and Metal Mechanic.” Glazier and Metal Mechanic. N.p., Aug. 2011. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <;.

“What Is Apprenticeship?” Government of Canada, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013.


Energy Auditor

energy auditor

10 Daily Activities:

  • Examine buildings to learn about their heating systems, insulation, and related details
  • Use equipment and run tests to find air leaks and measure electricity usage with devices such as data loggers, universal data recorders, light meters, sling psychrometers, psychrometric charts, flue gas analyzers, amp-probes, watt meters, volt meters, thermometers, or utility meters
  • Ask building owners about their energy use, basic details of the building such as the building’s age and size, and examine utility bills to gather historical energy usage data
  • Calculate potential for energy savings and make suggestions on ways to save energy
  • Educate customers on energy efficiency and prepare reports and answer owners’ questions
  • Interview the owner on information such as how many people are living in the building or how often some appliances like the dishwasher are used
  •  Quantify energy consumption to establish baselines for energy use or need
  • Determine patterns of building use to show annual or monthly needs for heating, cooling, lighting, or other energy needs
  • Oversee installation of equipment such as water heater wraps, pipe insulation, weatherstripping, door sweeps, or low flow showerheads to improve energy efficiency
  • Inspect or evaluate building envelopes, mechanical systems, electrical systems, or process systems to determine the energy consumption of each system



  • Some recommended courses to take in high school are mathematics, chemistry, physics, construction, and technical design
  • Energy auditors must have related post-secondary education, work or both
  • Bachelor’s degree or diploma in a field such as energy management, energy systems technology, engineering, or architecture
  • Work experience in a related field, such as home inspection, construction, or heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration technology
  • CEA (Certified Energy Auditor) certification


  • Mohawk College provides an Energy Systems Engineering Technology – Clean and Renewable Energy course, a Ontario College Advanced Diploma can be acquired
  • CIET (Canadian Institution for Energy Training) provides the CEA (Certified Energy Auditor) certification which grants to qualification of being an energy auditor


  • Association of Energy Engineers provides many certifications related to energy such as Certified Energy Auditor, Building Energy & Sustainability Technician, to Renewable Energy Professional certifications. Qualifications require to become a Certified Energy Auditor are:
  • A four-year degree from an accredited university or college in engineering or architecture, or be a registered Professional Engineer (P.E.) or Registered Architect (R.A.). In addition, the applicant must have at least three years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • A four-year non-engineering degree with at least four years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • A two-year technical degree with at least five years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • Ten years of verifiable experience in energy auditing, energy management, facility management, or experience related to energy management;

– OR –

  • The current status of Certified Energy Manager (CEM ®).



“Energy Auditor.” Career Cruising. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013.

“Energy Auditors Job and Career Information.” My Majors. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <;.

“CEA – Certified Energy Auditor.” – Association of Energy Engineers. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <;.

“Certified Energy Auditor.” CIET – Canadian Institute for Energy Training. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. <;.




10 Daily Activities:

  • Design and sketch building plans as well as the necessary mechanical, electrical, and structural specifications for clients
  • Write instructions for contractors and builders to follow
  • Coordinate the activities of people involved in the construction such as construction managers, electricians, plumbers, landscapers, and interior designers
  • Ensure the building is finished on time and within budget
  • Handle paperwork, such as contracts and bills
  • Work closely with the client since the architect’s design must be as close as possible to the client’s needs and wishes
  • Ensure buildings are safe and conform to local by-laws, failing in either of these areas can result being sued
  • Negotiating with contractors and other professionals and attending regular meetings with clients, contractors and other specialists
  • Use problem solving skills to deal with problems that might come up during building
  • Briefing and monitoring of projects for clients, authorities, and partners



  • Some recommended courses to take in high school include: calculus, physics, visual arts, computer tech, and technical design
  • Complete a bachelor’s or master’s degree in architecture
  • Earn a license to practice in your province or territory through 3 years of work experience with a licensed architect and passing and a professional exam


At University of Waterloo, you can get either an undergraduate degree or a master’s degree in architecture. After getting these degrees, you can take the license course in order to start working


OAA (Ontario Association of Architects) is a self-organized association which strives to represent, regulate, support and promote the profession of architecture in the interest of all Ontarians, and to lead the design and delivery of built form in the Province of Ontario. It provides Certificate of Practice which is divided into three categories: Corporation, Partnership, and Sole Proprietor. A holder of a Certificate of Practice in Ontario is permitted to offer and/or provide a service that is part of the practice of architecture to a member of the public. Qualifications required for this certificate is sufficient education meaning an undergraduate or a master’s degree in architecture.


“Architect.” Career Cruising. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.

“The Ontario Association of Architects Represents, Regulates, Supports and Promotes the Profession of Architecture in the Interest of All Ontarians, and Leads the Design and Delivery of Built Form in the Province of Ontario.” Ontario Association of Architects. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013. <;.