Drawing Elevations

What are elevation drawings? An elevation drawing is a drawing shows the front or side of something. It is a drawing that goes with the floor plan because a floor plan only shows the bird’s eye view of a design. As a result, with only a floor plan you can not see the front, side or back of an object. An elevation drawing shows the dimensions, views, and information that cannot be shown on the floor plans.

Elevation2
 Elevation drawings are labeled by compass orientation. The picture below is a good example, it shows the north, south, east, and west side of the house. Floor plans can only show the length and width dimensions while height dimensions can only be shown in elevation drawings.

Finished details like exterior building materials may also be shown to make the drawing more attractive for the client. A few types of finish materials include board and batten, horizontal siding, vertical siding, plywood paneling, concrete block, brick, and shingles.

exterior finish materials
DRAWING
Elevation drawings are usually drawn to the same scale as the floor plan. The process of drawing exterior elevations is carried out in three steps.1. Draw the major horizontal height lines for the south side of the structure. These lines include the foundation footing line, the finished grade line, the floor line, the height of the windows and doors, the ceiling line, and the chimney’s height.2. Tape the floor plan to the top of your drawing area. Useing a T-square and triangle, project down the corners of walls, windows, doors, fireplace, etc.3. Complete the outline of all the structural features. Design a roof and add the slope diagram. The elevation details may no be added with the following features:
– vertical dimensions
– siding materials
– window and door styles
– shutters
– trim
– gutters and down spouts
– fireplace and chimney (if applicable)

Here is an informative video.
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Condominium Project – Bill of Materials

As a part of my project, I had to make a list of all the materials I would need to complete the construction of my
condo kitchen and bathroom.

The Bill of Materials includes:

– Bathroom

– Kitchen

– Laundry Room

– Lighting

– Flooring

– Miscellaneous Items

The bathroom section has the toilet, bathroom, bathtub, bathtub faucet, shower head, ceiling fan, sink, sink faucet, vanity cabinet, shower pan, and shower enclosure.

The kitchen section has the stove, dishwasher, refrigerator, range hood, sink, kitchen faucet, lower cabinets, countertop, and upper cabinets.

The laundry room section has the washing machine, dryer, ceiling fan, and laundry sink.

The lighting section has ceiling lights and wall sconces.

The flooring section has 3 types of flooring which I chose one to be fore the washrooms, another for the kitchen, and the last one for the rest of the space.

The miscellaneous sections has doors such as the entry door.

4-4478854A-744268-480 4-D92568EA-705987-480

Bungalow Project

In this project I had to complete the following:

– Design and Site Planning Worksheet
– Print reading Quiz
– Thumbnail sketches (3) of your possible floor plans on title-block (11” x 17”)
– Presentation drawing of chosen floor plan and elevations (front and one side) with
– dimensions, legend and specifications on title-block
– SketchUp 3D model of your design

I firsts started this project by making thumbnail sketches; I had to make 3 all with different components for practice. such as having a courtyard of a garage in the basement. However, all of them had to be under 1200 square feet (including my final copy). With my 3 thumbnails created I has to analyze each one and fix them in order to choose the best one to draw my rough copy. Thumbnail #1 was fairly good in most aspects however it seemed rather mediocre and I could have made it more space efficient. Thumbnail #2 was probably the thumbnail I was most happy with (and I did choose it for my final copy) because it had a nice layout (I must say so myself :D ). It has all the formal rooms (the living room, dining room, and den) on the left and all the informal (bedrooms) on the right. This layout made things fairly accessible and space efficient. However  I placed the staircase ALL the way in the back which was very awkward since you would have to walk through a hall of bedrooms to get downstairs. In my good copy placed my stairway to the right of the entry door and made the garage in the basement so that there wouldn’t have to be door in the side of the house using more space. Thumbnail #3 had a courtyard which I tried to make as space saving as possible but still took up 12′ x 12′. I still wanted a nice design so I forced to only have 1 bedroom due to the lack of space, but even with 1 less bedroom the house was still cramped.

With all the revising and editing finished my rough copy turned out to be thumbnail #2 but with more space and less awkward placement. By placing the stairs to the right of the door and the garage in the basement, I ended up having more space for the bedrooms and bathroom. Finally with all my planning done, I had to start using Sketchup (SU). I had NO clue what to do or how to start since I was a total beginner at SU. I a few tutorials and felt somewhat confident enough to start building my bungalow. I basically just made the base of the bungalow –> added walls (rectangles at the time) –> used the push tool to make them 3D –> then started adding windows and stairs –> to finally (the most fun) decorating and adding things you would less likely have in real life; such as a fountain in the wall of your house or a Lamborghini in your garage.

When I finished this project a few things I learned were:

1. Design and site planning for construction
2. Printreading for construction
3. Room conventions
4. Site plans, floor plans, elevations
5. Stairs
6. Roof structures
7. Construction design process

Here’s my final work:

Bungalow Animation

^Click to start animation. I apologize for the low quality; WordPress does not allow video files besides GIF.

bungalow roof on picture

This is an animation of my bungalow I made using Google Sketchup.

Here are some links I found useful when making my bungalow.

– Sketchup tutorials

– Sketchup hotkeys

Condominium Project

Monarch Condo

THE FINAL PRODUCT! 😀

Made it using AutoCAD.

Reflection:

So this project first started off by researching other condominium floor plans as examples and ideas. The design brief required the class to choose eight and these were the ones I picked:

condo3 condo4 condo5 condo6 condo7 condo8 condo 1 condo 2

I liked the design of the condo with the red beds the most. I thought it had good placement of where everything was placed while being space efficient and also liked the idea of a den. This condo looks like it was designed for social gatherings as seen from how the furniture in the living room is placed – the couches face each other making it easier to talk. furthermore, there is also a den and a wet bar.

With a bunch of condo designs and new ideas in my head, I started to make my rough copy by drawing out thumbnails. I made 3 thumbnails and chose my favourite of the 3 and continued by making the rough copy. Like most rough copies, mine had a lot of problems too such as dimensions and where things were placed. I had to get the opinions of my teacher and classmates; with these opinions and edits, I was able to make my condo better.

At last, I had my rough copy which was ready for AutoCAD. I have used AutoCAD before but it was only for simple stuff such as drawing shapes and words. This time, I had the most complex AutoCAD project I have  encountered. Fortunately I was able to finish my condominium drawing.

Thorium Reactor – Liquid fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR)

How it works:

  1. Thorium and uranium-233 are dissolved in molten lithium fluoride salt in the reactor. As fission (radioactive decay) occurs, heat is released and free neutrons start changing more thorium into uranium-233.
  2. Heat from the reactor is transferred to another loop of molten salt not containing nuclear materials.
  3.  Heat is transferred to helium gas turning turbines to power a generator.
  4. As an emergency measure, if the system gets too hot a plug designed to melt at a specific temperature will melt and release the reactor’s components into dump tanks.
  5. Liquid salt waste can be removed while the reactor is still working.

5 changes required to make it commercially viable:

–          Nuclear waste

Although thorium produces far less waste than uranium, the problem is that it still produces waste.  For example uranium-233 is a resultant of using thorium, but can be separated into another reactor to generate electricity.

–          Renewability

There are high amounts of thorium 1,781,000 tonnes (estimated) but it will not last for ever, it is necessary to find a reliable source. There are plans to extract thorium from space, such as from the moon and mars.

–          A working reactor

People are skeptical about nuclear energy due to disasters such as the one in Fukushima Japan. If a thorium reactor is built and proves itself being effective and without problems, other countries will start building them too.

–          Dangers

Thorium breaks down into uranium-233 which can be used to make bombs. As a result, thorium reactors will need to be protected from groups such as terrorists.

–          Awareness

People must be aware that other ways of generating electricity such as wind or burning coal is not effective or is actually worse than nuclear power plants. Wind power requires too many resources to build and land to build on to be considered as efficient. While coal is adding to global warming (which is an issue that cannot be over looked) and actually carries into the surrounding environment 100 times more radiation than a nuclear power plant. Therefore, thorium is actually a good choice for generating electricity.

5 companies/groups leading in advancing thorium reactors:

–          Lightbridge Corporation

Lightbridge is a leading provider of nuclear energy consulting services to commercial and governmental entities worldwide, and is developing next generation nuclear fuel technology that will significantly reduce nuclear waste and proliferation.

–          India

India has a quarter of the world’s known thorium reserves and plans to meet 30% of its electricity demand through thorium-based reactors by 2050.

–          China

China’s aim is to break free of the old pressurized-water reactors fueled by uranium and move on to thorium which produces far less waste and is less dangerous.

–          International Thorium Energy Organization

IThEO is an organisation that campaigns internationally to make Thorium Energy a reality.

–          Thorium Power Canada Inc.

Thorium Power Canada Inc. offers a clean, green, safe and cost effective solution to the growing global energy requirements through a partnership with DBI Century Fuels Inc. taking advantage of abundant and widely available thorium deposits.

5 impacts:

–          Social

Cheaper electricity means cheaper products and services, which can mean the overall quality of life will become better. Having this new source of energy may completely change the way we live, such as the idea of space elevators or even colonizing other planets.

–          Political

Thorium reactors actually existed back in the 1960’s but nuclear power plants are currently used due to the result of the Manhattan Project. Their goal back then was to make the atomic bomb and not energy which is why thorium reactors just died off. Thorium is located in some countries more than others. When the world switches to using thorium reactors as a main source of energy, countries will have to depend on each other for resources resulting in better relationships with one another.

–          Economic

Thorium reactors can produce more money by creating more electricity at a lower price; it will also create job opportunities.

–          Environmental

By replacing uranium and burning coal, the amount of waste and pollution will decrease. Global warming will slow down dramatically if coal stops getting burned for electricity.

–          Health

Uranium-233: a resultant of thorium can treat cancer. The goal of radiotherapy is to kill cancer cells without killing healthy cells and bismuth-213 (a decay product from uranium-233) can do just that.

 

 

Bibliography:

McDonald, Norris. “Nuclear Fuels Reprocessing Coalition.” Blogger. N.p., 1 Aug. 2012. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://nfrcoalition.blogspot.ca/2012/08/thorium-reactors.html&gt;.

“Nuclei.” A Review of the Universe – Structures, Evolutions, Observations, and Theories. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://universe-review.ca/F14-nucleus.htm&gt;.

Hvistendahl, Mara. “Coal Ash Is More Radioactive than Nuclear Waste: Scientific American.” Scientific American. N.p., 13 Dec. 2007. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=coal-ash-is-more-radioactive-than-nuclear-waste&gt;.

Katusa, Marin. “The Thing About Thorium: Why The Better Nuclear Fuel May Not Get A Chance.” Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 16 Feb. 2012. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.forbes.com/sites/energysource/2012/02/16/the-thing-about-thorium-why-the-better-nuclear-fuel-may-not-get-a-chance/&gt;.

Siegel, RP. “Liquid Fluoride Thorium Power: Pros and Cons.” Triple Pundit. N.p., 23 Apr. 2012. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.triplepundit.com/2012/04/liquid-fluoride-thorium-power-pros-cons/&gt;.

Forsberg, C. W., and L. C. Lewis. Uses For Uranium-233: What Should Be Kept for Future Needs? Rep. N.p., 24 Sept. 1999. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-6952.pdf&gt;.

“Nuclear Energy For the 21st Century.” Lightbridge. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://ltbridge.com/&gt;.

Pritchard, Ambrose Evans. “China Blazes Trail for ‘clean’ Nuclear Power from Thorium.” The Telegraph. N.p., 6 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/9784044/China-blazes-trail-for-clean-nuclear-power-from-thorium.html&gt;.

“IThEO.” IThEO.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.itheo.org/itheo&gt;.

“Company & Leadership.” Thorium Power Canada Inc. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.thoriumpowercanada.com/&gt;.