Future of Architecture

Careers

With a growth in our population, it is necessary to create more homes. As a result, the growth in construction will also increase the number of architects slightly over the next few years. In order to keep up with the need of homes and the incredible advancing of technology, a much larger need for architects will be required. With this in mind, there will be more competition as well as more students are constantly searching for jobs.

future architecture

Here are some statistics from Service Canada – Click here for the link

Employment Distribution by Gender

Employment Distribution by Gender Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Males 67.5% 52.7%
Females 32.5% 47.3%

Employment Distribution by Age

Employment Distribution by Age Unit Group 2151 All occupations
15 – 24 years 4.4% 14.1%
25 – 44 years 53.4% 45.1%
45 – 64 years 38.0% 38.8%
65 years and over 4.2% 2.0%

Employment Distribution by Status

Employment Distribution by Status Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Full-time 92.1% 79.2%
Part-time 7.9% 20.8%

Average Annual Employment Income

Average Annual Employment Income
(Full-Time, Full-Year)
Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Full-time, full-year 63.0% 53.2%
Average income 63,617 45,157
0-19999$ 7.6% 16.5%
20000-49999$ 37.7% 52.4%
50000$ and over 54.7% 31.1%

Employment Distribution by Highest Level of Schooling

Employment Distribution by
Highest Level of Schooling
Unit Group 2151 All occupations
Less than high-school 0.0% 14.1%
High-school 0.8% 21.9%
Post-secondary 11.8% 43.1%
Bachelors 87.5% 20.9%

Looking at these statistics, a few facts can be found through analyzing them. Firstly, there are 38 % of all the workers that are in their 40’s -60’s. These people are from the “baby boom” era, in within 10 years much more jobs will be opened with this generation retiring.

Now looking at the future of architectural design. Most people believe the future of architecture will be be two factors: sustainable design and the sleek high-tech look (this is probably triggered from futuristic movies and shows :D). Compact cities are likely to be the future layouts of countries all around the world because they are efficient. Cities that are compact mean that people who live there don’t have to go far to get to work, buy food and shop. With this layout, buildings will have to get taller, not wider. Skyscrapers and apartments will become the norm in cities in order to save space.

sound scraper
Here is a link to some very unique and award winning designs. There are some very surreal designs such as the “Soundscraper” which is a building designed to absorb noise. The acoustic dampener also doubles as an energy producer, trapping and converting vibrations into power.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_O98RBgifD0&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

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Interior Designer

home-interior-design-2013

The spaces in which we live and work are important to us. No one wants to be surrounded by drab, ugly wallpaper and furniture because these things affect our moods. Interior designers dedicate themselves to creating beautiful and functional indoor spaces. They are experts in dealing with elements such as colour, texture, shape, and size, and they use this knowledge to create attractive home and work environments.

Interior designers are hired by clients that want to re-design or design (if the space is new) their houses or buildings. For houses, some popular rooms to get an interior designer for are living rooms, kitchens, bedrooms, or bathrooms, but that’s not all they do. Interior designers also Restaurants, banks, business offices, and doctors’ offices are other examples of spaces interior designers transform. Even automobile and aircraft manufacturers rely on designers’ skills to make the most of limited spaces.

Client

Interior designers must have good communication skills whether it is through e-mail, orally, text. Communication is necessary because their client is first priority and interior designers must consult them for to satisfy their visions or needs for the design project. With the client’s vision in mind, the interior designer will start brain storming for ideas for what to do. This first starts of with taking measurements, photos, and looking at blueprints of the project space. This allows the designer to see if anything will affect their design in mind. For example, a designer who wants to knock out a wall in a kitchen must first make sure that its removal will not cause a collapse. To make sure that projects run smoothly, designers must have a thorough understanding of building codes and permit requirements.

Design 1 This is an image of an interior designer’s proposal sketch.

Clients may then receive a sketch or computer image of what the room will look like once the proposed changes are made. Designers include paint, wallpaper, carpeting, furniture, and other material samples in their proposal. Finally, when a design concept is accepted, designers keep track of the budget and project timeline and coordinate the painters, tilers, movers, and others who make the changes.

EDUCATION

Interior designers must need at least a high school diploma. In most provinces, designers also need to be certified by the provincial interior designers’ association. To become a certified designer, one has to complete an accredited college or university interior design program (either a 2 to 3-year diploma or a 4-year bachelor’s degree). Programs vary, but typically include instruction in the history of design, colour theory, lighting, sustainable design, drafting, computer-assisted design (CAD), and general business and marketing practices.

Next, you must acquire a certain amount of entry-level experience under the supervision of a fully qualified interior designer. Essentially, this is almost like apprenticeship because the concept is the same. Specific requirements vary by province, but approximately 6 or 7 years of combined education and work experience is generally needed. It’s a good idea to contact the interior designers’ association in your province for specific requirements.

The final step to becoming a fully certified interior designer is to write a certification exam. This exam is administered twice a year by the National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ).

Sources: Career Cruising

Here are some before and after pictures of interior design work.

Absolute Towers

The Absolute Towers made by MAD (sometimes referred to as MAD studio or MAD architects) are located in Mississauga Toronto. These towers are respectively 170 and 150 metres tall, the towers are built upon rotated oval floors to give them their curved and twisted shape.

“The concept of the tower at the beginning was very simple,” said MAD founder Ma Yansong. “We just wanted to make something organic but different, more natural and more soft and not something too strong that would remind people of money or power.” Like Ma Yansong said, “at the beginning”, the architectural design grew complicated very quickly due to its unique shape and the fact that every floor is different. Making different building was the core of Yansong’s idea, he says “Lots of cities like this are happening in China, just repeating the modern urban typology and always making square towers…” and with this in mind he strived to create a unique tower.

There were 6 designs presented to the public and the public was asked to comment on which design was their favourite and why. After the building was almost finished, units in the building had to be sold. The marketing team sparked an interest in the buyers and in a matter of a few days all the units were sold out.

Some basic information about the Absolute Tower:

Location: Mississauga, Canada
Height: 170 meter
No. of floors: Tower A: 56 stories/170 m
Tower B: 50 stories/150 m

Building Area: 95.000 square meters
Tower A: 45,000 sqm
Tower B: 40.000 sqm
Site area: 4090 square meters
Primary Use: Residential

Client: Fernbrook / Cityzen
Design Architect: MAD architects
Director in Charge: Ma Yansong, Yosuke Hayano, Dang Qun
Design Team: Shen Jun, Robert Groessinger, Florian Pucher, Yi Wenzhen, Hao Yi, Yao Mengyao, Zhao Fan, Liu Yuan, Zhao Wei, Li Kunjuan, Yu Kui, Max Lonnqvist, Eric Spencer

Associate Architects: BURKA Architects INC.
Structural Engineer: SIGMUND, SOUDACK & ASSOCIATES INC.
Mechanical Engineer: ECE Group
Electrical Engineer: ECE Group
Landscape Architect: NAK Design
Interior Designer: ESQAPE Design

For some more information, click here.

Office at Home

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These offices are called MOSS offices which are designed by American designer Victor Vetterlein. MOSS,  stands for Micro Office Systems Space. These offices are meant to be bought by companies to give and install into their worker’s backyards so that they can work at home and avoid a daily commute. As you all know, commuting to your workplace often takes quite a long time and uses gas which transmutes to money. With this portable office, workers can now be more efficient by saving time and money.

Victor Vetterlein says “MOSS provides each employee with a direct visual, audio, and data link to the main office and also a professional environment to hold small business meetings. The user of MOSS feels a good separation from home and work life while not having to commute to the office.”

“The exterior of MOSS is hard edged to form a protective shell against the outside world,” says Vetterlein. The “bunker-style” birch plywood interior is quiet opposite as it is “soft, warm, and welcoming,” he adds. The MOSS has an octagonal aluminum shell which will protect the unit from rain, snow and high winds.

MOSS by Victor Vetterlein

The unit is said to be warmed through energy-efficient underfloor heating and a wood stove, with solar panels and a wind turbine on the roof providing electricity. However, the basic model will not have running water or a toilet but can be expanded to fit a portable toilet, a small kitchen and a waste water tank.

For more information on the interior design and floor plan, click here.

Architectural Pathways

Interested in architecture? Are you trying to pursue a pathway related to it? Some options after high school include workplace, apprenticeship, college, and university.

The architecture industry is constantly evolving as advancing technology and modern developments lead to new and exciting design and construction opportunities. Architectural technicians play a vital role in the industry, working alongside architectural professionals to plan and execute sophisticated residential and commercial designs. Architecture programs at Ontario colleges train students to enter this progressive field, with practical skills and advanced training with the latest architectural technology.

architecture-schools-main-img_900x300

A few colleges that offer architectural programs are CENTENNIAL, GEORGE BROWN, and ALGONQUIN college. Their programs range from 1 to 4 academic years in length. For a list of Canadian colleges, click here.

A few universities that offer architectural programs are University of Waterloo, University of Toronto, and Ryerson University. These universities off co-op programs which allow you to work while you learn, this is a very good program because it gives you job experience and allows you to pay off your dept while you are still in school. For a list of Canadian universities, click here.

Apprenticeship is a somewhat new and advancing form of education, it teaches students through actually work experience with mentors and experts in the job.

Apprenticeship combines on-the-job training from a licensed journeyperson with classroom-based technical training. Generally, 80-90% of the training is spent in the workplace.

OYAP students will not be scheduled for the in-school training until they have completed their O.S.S.D. and a copy of their transcript has been mailed or faxed to the local apprenticeship office. Technical training usually takes place at a community College or Union School. The Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities pays for 80% of the apprentice’s tuition. Apprentices are responsible for classroom fees – approximately $200 – $600 per session. The MTCU will notify the apprentice by mail of the date and location of his or her technical in-school training.

Once the apprentice has completed all components outlined in the training standards and passed the classroom-based technical training they can challenge the exam. A minimum of 70% is required to achieve journeyperson status.

Depending on the trade, an apprenticeship can take approximately two to five years to complete.

For more information about apprenticeship, click here.

Architectural Associations & Organizations

Associations & Organizations that are specialized in architecture are considered non-governmental organizations, or NGOs for short.

“Non-governmental organizations play an increasingly important role in international development. They serve as a funnel for development funds both from individual donors in wealthy countries and from bilateral aid agencies. Development-oriented NGOs, which have existed for centuries, have played a growing role in development since the end of World War II; there are currently 20,000 international NGOs. This paper argues that the strengths of NGOs and their weaknesses easily fit into economists’ conceptualization of not-for-profit contractors.” Key concepts include:

  • Strengths of the NGO model produce corresponding weaknesses in agenda-setting, decision-making, and resource allocation.
  • The increased presence of NGOs can be explained by 3 factors: a trend to outsource government services; new ventures by would-be not-for-profit “entrepreneurs”; and the increasing professionalization of existing NGOs.
  • As NGOs increasingly produce their own funding and develop their own professionalized class, it is appropriate to expose them to greater market forces beyond donor preferences.
  • The use of aid vouchers allowing beneficiaries to purchase private goods and services is one tool for introducing more market forces.

 

netowrk

A few Canadian associations are:

What these associations and organizations have in relation is their goal to regulate, represent, support, and promote architecture. Some may even give the members benefits such as special training to increase one’s knowledge, experience, and job opportunities.

For more associations and organizations (including international ones) click here.

New Elevator Technology May Double the Height of Skyscrapers

Skyscrapers

The elevator manufacturer KONE has announced a new hoisting technology that will enable elevators to travel heights of one kilometer – twice the distance than currently possible. Currently, the longest elevator in Burj Khalifa  travels a distance of 504 meters. With elevators which can travel twice this amount, Burj Khalifa probably won’t be the tallest building for very long. At 828 meters tall, the Burj Khalifa would still be nearly 300 meters short of the new 1 kilometer elevators.

Currently, the fastest elevator in the world, made by Toshiba, takes passengers from ground to roof in thirty seconds, rising 54 kph through the Taipei 101. This surpasses the speed of the Burj Khalifa’s Otis Elevator, which travels at a mere 35 kph. With some simple math, it will take Toshiba’s elevator a bit more than 1 minute to get to the top of a 1 kilometer building.

UltraRope, is the new hoisting technology developed by KONE, will replace the conventional steel rope used for lifting with one that is developed with a carbon fiber core and a high-friction coating. UltraRope is much lighter than the conventional steel rope, as a result this will reduce energy consumption and weight of its moving components such as the hoisting ropes, compensating ropes, counterweight, elevator car, and passenger load.

The carbon fiber rope has a number of other advantages.  KONE says that since “carbon fiber resonates at a completely different frequency to steel and most other building materials,” elevator downtime caused by building sway will be reduced.  In addition, the rope will have twice the lifetime as steel rope, requiring less maintenance and thereby reduces material waste and environmental impact.

For additional information visit KONE

Works Cited:

Vinnitskaya , Irina. “New Technology May Double the Height of Skyscrapers” 11 Jun 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 13 Jun 2013. <http://www.archdaily.com/385506&gt;

“New KONE UltraRope(TM) Elevator Hoisting Technology Enables the next Big Leap in High-rise Building Design .” KONE Dedicated to People Flow. N.p., 10 June 2013. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://www.kone.com/corporate/en/Press/Releases/Pages/New-KONE-UltraRope(TM)-elevator-hoisting-technology-enables-the-next-big-leap-in-high-rise-building-design-2013-06-10.aspx&gt;.